Suzanne Stevenson


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Dept. of Computer Science

University of Toronto



Selected Publications

2018

  • M. Mozuraitis, S. Stevenson, and D. Heller.
    Modeling Reference Production as the Probabilistic Combination of Multiple Perspectives
    Cognitive Science Journal, 1-35. [Available through Wiley Online.]

  • Y. Matusevych, A. Kalantari Dehaghi, and S. Stevenson.
    Modeling bilingual word associations as connected monolingual networks
    Proceedings of the LSA Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics (CMCL 2018), Salt Lake City, Utah, January 2018. [pdf]

  • F. Miscevic, A. Nematzadeh, and S. Stevenson.
    Predicting and Explaining Human Semantic Search in a Cognitive Model
    Proceedings of the LSA Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics (CMCL 2018), Salt Lake City, Utah, January 2018. [pdf]

2017

  • B. Beekhuizen, J. Watson, and S. Stevenson.
    Semantic Typology and Parallel Corpora: Something about Indefinite Pronouns
    Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2017), London, England, July 2017. [pdf]

  • A. Nematzadeh, B. Beekhuizen, S. Huang, and S. Stevenson.
    Calculating Probabilities Simplifies Word Learning
    Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2017), London, England, July 2017. [pdf]

2016

  • L. Barak, A. Goldberg, and S. Stevenson.
    Comparing Computational Cognitive Models of Generalization in a Language Acquisition Task
    Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2016), Austin, TX, November 2016. [pdf]

  • B. Beekhuizen and S. Stevenson.
    Modeling developmental and linguistic relativity effects in color term acquisition
    Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2016), Philadelphia, PA, August 2016. [pdf]

  • E. Grant, A. Nematzadeh, and S. Stevenson.
    The Interaction of Memory and Attention in Novel Word Generalization: A Computational Investigation
    Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2016), Philadelphia, PA, August 2016. [pdf]

  • M. Mozuraitis, S. Stevenson, and D. Heller.
    Combining Multiple Perspectives in Language Production: A Probabilistic Model
    Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2016), Philadelphia, PA, August 2016. [pdf]

  • A. Nematzadeh, F. Miscevic, and S. Stevenson.
    Simple Search Algorithms on Semantic Networks Learned from Language Use
    Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2016), Philadelphia, PA, August 2016. [pdf]

  • D. Heller, C. Parisien, and S. Stevenson.
    Perspective-taking behavior as the probabilistic weighing of multiple domains
    Cognition, 149, 104-120. [ScienceDirect]

2015

  • A. Nematzadeh, E. Grant, and S. Stevenson.
    A Computational Cognitive Model of Novel Word Generalization
    Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-2015), Lisbon, Portugal, September 2015. [pdf]

  • B. Beekhuizen and S. Stevenson.
    Perceptual, Conceptual, and Frequency Effects on Error Patterns in English Color Term Acquisition
    Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of Computational Language Learning (CogACLL-2015), Held at the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-2015). Lisbon, Portugal, September 2015. [pdf]

  • B. Beekhuizen and S. Stevenson.
    Crowdsourcing elicitation data for semantic typologies
    Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2015), Pasadena, CA, July 2015. [pdf]

2014

  • A. Nematzadeh, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    A Cognitive Model of Semantic Network Learning
    Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-2014), Doha, Qatar, October 2014 [pdf]

  • L.Barak, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Gradual Acquisition of Mental State Meaning: A Computational Investigation
    Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2014), Quebec City, Canada, July 2014. [pdf]

  • B. Beekhuizen, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Learning Meaning without Primitives: Typology Predicts Developmental Patterns
    Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2014), Quebec City, Canada, July 2014. [pdf]

  • A. Nematzadeh, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Structural Differences in the Semantic Networks of Simulated Word Learners
    Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2014), Quebec City, Canada, July 2014. [pdf]

  • L.Barak, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Learning Verb Classes in an Incremental Model
    Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics (CMCL), Baltimore, MA, June 2014. [pdf]

  • B. Beekhuizen, R. Bod, A. Fazly, S. Stevenson, and A. Verhagen.
    A Usage-Based Model of Early Grammatical Development
    Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics (CMCL), Baltimore, MA, June 2014. [pdf]

2013

  • A. Nematzadeh, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Child Acquisition of Multiword Verbs: A Computational Investigation
    in T. Poibeau, A. Villavicencio, A. Korhonen and A. Alishahi (eds). Cognitive Aspects of Computational Language Acquisition, Springer, 2013

  • A. Nematzadeh, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Desirable Difficulty in Learning: A Computational Investigation
    Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2013), Berlin, Germany, August 2013. [pdf]

  • B. Beekhuizen, A. Fazly, A. Nematzadeh, and S. Stevenson.
    Word Learning in the Wild: What Natural Data Can Tell Us.
    Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2013), Berlin, Germany, August 2013. [pdf]

  • L. Barak, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Modeling the Emergence of an Exemplar Verb in Construction Learning
    Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2013), Berlin, Germany, August 2013. [pdf]

  • L. Barak, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Acquisition of Desires before Beliefs: A Computational Investigation
    Proceedings of the 17th Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL), Co-located with ACL 2013 [pdf]
    (Google Best Paper Award at CoNLL 2013.)

2012

  • A. Nematzadeh, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    A Computational Model of Memory, Attention, and Word Learning.
    Proceedings of the NAACL-HLT Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics (CMCL), Montreal, Quebec, June 2012. [pdf]

  • A. Nematzadeh, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Interaction of Word Learning and Semantic Category Formation in Late Talking.
    Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2012), Sapporo, Japan, August 2012. [pdf]

  • L. Barak, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Modeling the acquisition of mental state verbs.
    Proceedings of the NAACL-HLT Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics (CMCL), Montreal, Canada, June 2012. [pdf]

  • M. Jamieson, Y. Eskin, A. Fazly, S. Stevenson, and S. Dickinson.
    Discovering hierarchical object models from captioned images.
    Computer Vision and Image Understanding (CVIU), 116: 842--853. [pdf]

  • W. May, S. Fidler, A. Fazly, S. Dickinson, S. Stevenson.
    Unsupervised Disambiguation of Image Captions.
    Proceedings of *SEM: 1st Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics, Collocated with NAACL-HLT 2012, Montreal, Canada, June 2012. [pdf]

2011

  • C. Parisien and S. Stevenson.
    Generalizing between form and meaning using learned verb classes.
    Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2011), Boston, Massachusetts, July 2011. [pdf]

  • A. Nematzadeh, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    A Computational Study of Late Talking in Word-Meaning Acquisition.
    Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2011), Boston, Massachusetts, July 2011. [pdf]

  • C. Bonial, S. Windisch Brown, J. D. Hwang, C. Parisien, M. Palmer, and S. Stevenson.
    Incorporating coercive constructions into a verb lexicon.
    Proceedings of the ACL 2011 Workshop on Relational Models of Semantics. Association for Computational Linguistics, 2011. [pdf]

2010

  • A. Alishahi and S. Stevenson.
    Learning general properties of semantic roles from usage data: a computational model.
    Language and Cognitive Processes, 25:1, 50-93. [pdf]

  • A. Fazly, A. Alishahi, and S. Stevenson.
    A probabilistic computational model of cross-situational word learning.
    Cognitive Science, 34:6, 1017-1063. [pdf]

  • A. Fazly, F. Ahmadi-fakhr, A. Alishahi, and S. Stevenson.
    Cross-situational learning of low frequency words: The role of context familiarity and age of exposure.
    Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2010) Portland, Oregon, August 2010. [pdf]

  • P. Cook and S. Stevenson.
    No sentence is too confusing to ignore.
    Proceedings of the ACL 2010 Workshop on NLP and Linguistics: Finding the Common Ground, 61-69, Uppsala, Sweden. [pdf]

  • P. Cook and S. Stevenson.
    Automatically identifying changes in the semantic orientation of words.
    Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), 28-34, Valletta, Malta. [pdf]

  • P. Cook and S. Stevenson.
    Automatically identifying the source words of lexical blends in English.
    Computational Linguistics. 36(1):129-149. [pdf]

  • C. Parisien and S. Stevenson.
    Learning verb alternations in a usage-based Bayesian model.
    Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2010), Portland, Oregon, August 2010. [pdf]

  • M. Jamieson, A. Fazly, S. Stevenson, S. Dickinson, and S. Wachsmuth.
    Using language to learn structured appearance models for image annotation.
    IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (PAMI), 32(1): 148-164. [pdf]

  • M. Jamieson, Y. Eskin, A. Fazly, S. Stevenson, and S. Dickinson.
    Discovering multipart appearance models from captioned images.
    Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV). [pdf]

  • V. Tsang and S. Stevenson.
    A Graph-Theoretic Framework for Semantic Distance.
    Computational Linguistics, Computational Linguistics, 36(1) (2010): 31-69. [pdf]

2009

  • A. Fazly, P. Cook, and S. Stevenson.
    Unsupervised Type and Token Identification of Idiomatic Expressions.
    Computational Linguistics 35:1, 61-103. [pdf]

  • A. Fazly, A. Nematzadeh, and S. Stevenson.
    Acquiring multiword verbs: The role of statistical evidence.
    Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2009), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2009. [pdf]

  • P. Cook and S. Stevenson.
    An unsupervised model for text message normalization.
    Proceedings of the NAACL HLT 2009 Workshop on Computational Approaches to Linguistic Creativity, 71-78, Boulder, Colorado. [pdf]

  • C. Parisien and S. Stevenson.
    Modelling the acquisition of verb polysemy in children.
    Proceedings of the CogSci2009 workshop on Distributional Semantics beyond Concrete Concepts, Amsterdam, July 2009. [pdf]

2008

  • A. Alishahi and S. Stevenson
    A Probabilistic Model of Early Argument Structure Acquisition.
    Cognitive Science 32:5, 789-834. [pdf]

  • A. Alishahi, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Fast mapping in word learning: What probabilities tell us.
    Proceedings of the 12th Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL), Manchester, UK, August 2008. [pdf]

  • A. Fazly, A. Alishahi, and S. Stevenson.
    A Probabilistic incremental model of word learning in the presence of referential uncertainty.
    Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2008), Washington, D.C., July 2008. [pdf]
    (Winner of the Cognitive Science 2008 Prize for the Best Paper on Language Modeling.)

  • A. Fazly and S. Stevenson.
    A Distributional Account of the Semantics of Multiword Expressions.
    Invited to the special issue of the Italian Journal of Linguistics.20(1): 157--179, on the theme: "From context to meaning: distributional models of the lexicon in linguistics and cognitive science". [pdf]

  • L. Marquez, X. Carreras, K. Litkowski, and S. Stevenson.
    Semantic Role Labeling: An introduction to the special issue.
    Computational Linguistics 34:2, 145-159. [pdf]

  • E. Joanis, S. Stevenson, and D. James.
    A General Feature Space for Automatic Verb Classification.
    Natural Language Engineering.14:3, 337-367. Also published by Cambridge Journals Online on December 19, 2006, as this [pdf]

  • C. Parisien, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    An incremental Bayesian model for learning syntactic categories.
    Proceedings of the 12th Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL), Manchester, UK, August 2008. [pdf]

  • S. Mathe, A. Fazly, S. Dickinson, and S. Stevenson.
    Learning the abstract motion semantics of verbs from captioned videos.
    Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Semantic Learning Applications in Multimedia, Anchorage, Alaska, June 2008. [pdf]

  • J. Moringen, S. Wachsmuth, S. Dickinson, and S. Stevenson.
    Learning Visual Compound Models from Parallel Image-Text Datasets.
    Proceedings of the 30th Annual Symposium of the German Association for Pattern Recognition (DAGM 2008). Munich, Germany, June, 2008. [pdf]

  • P. Cook, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    The VNC-Tokens dataset.
    Proceedings of the LREC'08 Workshop Towards a Shared Task for Multiword Expressions, Marrakech, Morocco, May-June 2008. [pdf]

2007

  • P. Cook and S. Stevenson.
    Automagically Inferring the Source Words of Lexical Blends
    Proceedings of the 10th Conference of the Pacific Association for Computational Linguistics (PACLING 2007), 289-297, Melbourne, Australia, September, 2007. [pdf]

  • M. Jamieson, A. Fazly, S. Dickinson, S. Stevenson, and S. Wachsmuth.
    Learning structured appearance models from captioned images of cluttered scenes.
    Proceedings of the 11th IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision(ICCV), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, October 2007. [pdf]

  • A. Alishahi and S. Stevenson.
    A cognitive model for the representation and acquisition of verb selectional preferences.
    Proceedings of the ACL-2007 Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of Computational Language Acquisition , 41-48. Prague, Czech Republic. [pdf]

  • P. Cook, A. Fazly, and S. Stevenson.
    Pulling their weight: exploiting syntactic forms for the automatic identification of idiomatic expressions in context.
    Proceedings of the ACL'07 Workshop on A Broader Perspective on Multiword Expressions, 41-48, Prague, Czech Republic, June 2007. [pdf]

  • A. Fazly and S. Stevenson.
    Distinguishing subtypes of multiword expressions using linguistically-motivated statistical measures.
    Proceedings of the ACL'07 Workshop on A Broader Perspective on Multiword Expressions, 9-16, Prague, Czech Republic, June 2007. [pdf]

  • A. Alishahi and S. Stevenson.
    A computational usage-based model for learning general properties of semantic roles.
    Proceedings of the 2nd European Cognitive Science Conference,Delphi, Greece. [pdf]

  • A. Fazly, S. Stevenson, and R. North.
    Automatically learning semantic knowledge about multiword predicates.
    Language Resources and Evaluation, 41(1), 61-89. (Please request reprint from the first author.)

2006

  • P. Cook and S. Stevenson.
    Classifying Particle Semantics in English Verb-Particle Constructions.
    Proceedings of the ACL/COLING Workshop on Multiword Expressions: Identifying and Exploiting Underlying Properties (MWE 2006), 45-53. Sydney, Australia, July, 2006.  [pdf]
  • M. Jamieson, S. Dickinson, S. Stevenson, and S. Wachsmuth.
    Using Language to Drive the Perceptual Grouping of Local Image Features.
    Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR-2006), 2102-2109. New York, New York, June, 2006.  [pdf]
  • V. Tsang and S. Stevenson.
    Context Comparison as a Minimum Cost Flow Problem.
    Proceedings of the HLT/NAACL Workshop on Graph-based Algorithms for Natural Language Processing (TextGraphs 2006), 97-104. New York, New York, June, 2006.  [pdf]
  • A. Fazly and S. Stevenson.
    Automatically Constructing a Lexicon of Verb Phrase Idiomatic Combinations.
    Proceedings of the 11th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL-2006), 337-344. Trento, Italy, April, 2006.  [pdf]
  • A. Fazly, R. North, and S. Stevenson.
    Automatically Determining Allowable Combinations of a Class of Flexible Multiword Expressions.
    Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing (CICLing 2006), 81-92. Mexico City, Mexico, February, 2006.  [pdf]
    Published in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 3878.by Springer-Verlag; access Springer file here.
  • S. Stevenson and P. Smolensky.
    Optimality in Sentence Processing.
    In P. Smolensky and G. Legendre, Eds., Toward a calculus of the mind/brain: Neural network theory, optimality, and universal grammar, 307-338. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.  pdf of draft chapter. (Note incorrect page numbering in draft.)

2005

  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson.
    Structure and Frequency in Verb Classification.
    In L. Bruge, G. Giusti, N. Munaro, W. Schweikert, and G. Turano, Eds., Contributions to the Thirtieth Incontro di Grammatica Generativa, 43-61. Venice, Italy, February 2004.  [pdf]
  • A. Fazly and S. Stevenson.
    Automatic Acquisition of Knowledge about Multiword Predicates.
    Proceedings of the 19th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information, and Computation (PACLIC 2005). Invited Talk. Taipei, Taiwan, December, 2005.  [pdf]
  • R. Swier and S. Stevenson.
    Exploiting a Verb Lexicon in Automatic Semantic Role Labelling.
    Proceedings of the Joint Human Language Technology Conference and Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (HLT/EMNLP-05), 883-890. Vancouver, British Columbia, October, 2005.  [pdf]
  • A. Alishahi and S. Stevenson.
    The Acquisition and Use of Argument Structure Constructions: A Bayesian Model.
    Proceedings of the ACL 2005 Workshop on Psychocomputational Models of Human Language Acquisition, 82-90. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, June, 2005.  [pdf]
  • A. Fazly, R. North, and S. Stevenson.
    Automatically Distinguishing Literal and Figurative Usages of Highly Polysemous Verbs.
    Proceedings of the ACL 2005 Workshop on Deep Lexical Acquisition, 38-47. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, June, 2005.  [pdf]
  • A. Alishahi and S. Stevenson.
    A Probabilistic Model of Early Argument Structure Acquisition.
    Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2005), 97-102. Stresa, Italy, July, 2005.  [pdf]

2004

  • R. Swier and S. Stevenson.
    Unsupervised Semantic Role Labelling.
    Proceedings of the 2004 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-04), 95-102. Barcelona, Spain, August, 2004.  [ps]
  • S. Stevenson, A. Fazly, and R. North.
    Statistical Measures of the Semi-Productivity of Light Verb Constructions.
    Proceedings of the ACL 2004 Workshop on Multiword Expressions: Integrating Processing, 1-8. Barcelona, Spain, August, 2004.  [ps]
  • V. Tsang and S. Stevenson.
    Calculating Semantic Distance between Word Sense Probability Distributions.
    Proceedings of the Eighth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-2004), 81-88. Boston, Massachusetts, May, 2004.  [ps]

2003

  • S. Wachsmuth, S. Stevenson and S. Dickinson.
    Towards A Framework For Learning Structured Shape Models from Text-Annotated Images.
    Proceedings of the Workshop on Learning Word Meaning from Non-Linguistic Data, 22-29. Edmonton, Alberta, May, 2003.  [ps]
  • S. Stevenson and E. Joanis.
    Semi-Supervised Verb Class Discovery Using Noisy Features.
    Proceedings of the Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-2003), 71-78. Edmonton, Alberta, May-June, 2003.  [ps]
  • E. Joanis and S. Stevenson.
    A General Feature Space for Automatic Verb Classification.
    Proceedings of the Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL-2003), 163-170. Budapest, Hungary, April, 2003.  [ps]

2002

  • P. Merlo, S. Stevenson, V. Tsang and G. Allaria.
    A Multilingual Paradigm for Automatic Verb Classification.
    Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL-2002), 207-214. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July, 2002.  [ps]
  • V. Tsang, S. Stevenson and P. Merlo.
    Crosslinguistic Transfer in Automatic Verb Classification.
    Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-2002), 1023-1029. Taipei, Taiwan, August, 2002.  [ps]
  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson, Eds.
    The Lexical Basis of Sentence Processing: Formal, Computational and Experimental Issues. (Selected papers from the 11th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing.) Natural Language Processing (NLP) Series, John Benjamins Publishers, Amsterdam.  Publisher's web page for the book.
  • S. Stevenson and P. Merlo.
    Words, numbers and all that: the lexicon in sentence understanding.
    In P. Merlo and S. Stevenson, Eds., The Lexical Basis of Sentence Processing: Formal, Computational and Experimental Issues, 1-38. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (Introduction to edited volume; critical survey of the field.)  [ps]
  • E. Joanis, Automatic Verb Classification Using a General Feature Space. M.Sc. thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, October 2002.  [pdf]
  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson.
    Structure and Frequency of Lexical Semantic Classes: Consequences for Learning.
    Workshop on Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics (QITL). Osnabrueck, Germany, October, 2002.

2001

  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson.
    Automatic Verb Classification Based on Statistical Distributions of Argument Structure.
    Computational Linguistics. 27: 3, 373-408.  [pdf]
  • V. Tsang and S. Stevenson.
    Automatic Verb Classification Using Multilingual Resources.
    Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-2001), 30-37. Toulouse, France, July, 2001.  [ps]
  • V. Tsang, Second Language Information Transfer in Automatic Verb Classification - A Preliminary Investigation. M.Sc. thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, September 2001.  [pdf]

2000

  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson (2000).
    Lexical Syntax and Parsing Architecture.
    In M. Crocker, M. Pickering and C. Clifton, Eds., Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, 161-188. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. (Presents a higher level discussion of the work in the S. Stevenson and P. Merlo journal article in Language and Cognitive Processes.)  [ps]
  • S. Stevenson and P. Merlo (2000).
    Automatic Lexical Acquisition Based on Statistical Distributions.
    Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING 2000), 815-821. Saarbruecken, Germany, August, 2000.  [ps]
  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson (2000).
    Establishing the Upper Bound and Inter-Judge Agreement of a Verb Classification Task.
    Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2000), 1659-1663 (volume 3). Athens, Greece, May, 2000.

1999

  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson.
    Language Acquisition and Ambiguity Resolution: The Role of Frequency Distributions.
    Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 1999), 399-404. Vancouver, Canada, August, 1999.  [ps]
  • S. Stevenson, P. Merlo, N. Kariaeva, and K. Whitehouse.
    Supervised Learning of Lexical Semantic Verb Classes Using Frequency Distributions.
    Proceedings of SigLex99: Standardizing Lexical Resources, 15-22. College Park, Maryland, June, 1999.  [ps]
  • S. Stevenson and P. Merlo.
    Automatic Verb Classification Using Distributions of Grammatical Features.
    Proceedings of the Ninth Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 45-52. Bergen, Norway, June, 1999.  [ps]
  • S. Stevenson.
    Bridging the Symbolic-Connectionist Gap in Language Comprehension.
    In E. Lepore, Ed., What is Cognitive Science?, 336-355. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

1998

  • S. Stevenson.
    Parsing as Incremental Restructuring.
    In J. D. Fodor and F. Ferreira, Eds., Reanalysis in Sentence Processing, 327-363. Boston: Kluwer Academic.  [ps]
  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson .
    What Grammars Tell Us About Corpora: The Case of Reduced Relative Clauses.
    Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Very Large Corpora, 134-142. Montreal, Canada, August, 1998.  [ps]
  • S. Dickinson, A. Pentland, and S. Stevenson (1998).
    Viewpoint-Invariant Indexing for Content-Based Image Retrieval.
    Proceedings of the IEEE International Workshop on Content-based Access of Image and Video Databases, 20-30. Bombay, India, January, 1998.
  • J. K. Tsotsos, G. Verghese, S. Dickinson, M. Jenkin, A. Jepson, E. Milios, F. Nuflo, S. Stevenson, M. Black, D. Metaxas, S. Culhane, Y. Ye, and R. Mann.
    PLAYBOT: A visually-guided robot to assist physically disabled children in play.
    Image & Vision Computing 16, 275-292.

1997

  • S. Stevenson and P. Merlo.
    Lexical Structure and Parsing Complexity.
    Language and Cognitive Processes 12: 2/3, 349-399. Reprinted in M. C. MacDonald, Ed., Lexical Representations and Sentence Processing, 349-399. East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press.
  • S. Stevenson.
    An Integrated Symbolic/Connectionist Parsing Architecture.
    In R. Sun and F. Alexandre, Eds., Connectionist-Symbolic Integration: From Unified to Hybrid Approaches, 209-226. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • S. Stevenson and P. Merlo.
    Architecture and Experience in Sentence Processing.
    Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 1997), 715-720. Stanford, California, August, 1997.
  • S. Stevenson and P. Smolensky.
    Optimal Sentence Processing.
    Conference on Computational Psycholinguistics (CPL '97). Berkeley, California, August, 1997. (Refereed short paper; no conference proceedings.)
  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson.
    The Role of Lexical Structure in Syntactic Processing.
    Conference on Computational Psycholinguistics (CPL '97). Berkeley, California, August, 1997. (Refereed short paper; no conference proceedings.)

1996

  • C. Kulikowski, R. Mezrich, L. Gong, S. Abad-Mota, S. Stevenson, A. Tria, and K. Klein.
    Iconic Reporting of Radiological Findings: A New Visual Summarization and Communication Method.
    Proceeding of the Symposium for Computer Assisted Radiology (SCAR), 310-315. Boulder, Colorado, June, 1996.

1995

  • S. Stevenson.
    An Integrated Symbolic/Connectionist Model of Natural Language Parsing.
    Working Notes of the IJCAI Workshop on Connectionist-Symbolic Integration, 50-55. Montreal, Canada, August, 1995. Revised paper in R. Sun and F. Alexandre, Eds., Connectionist-Symbolic Integration: From Unified to Hybrid Approaches; see above.
  • S. Stevenson.
    Arguments and Adjuncts: A Computational Explanation of Asymmetries in Attachment Preferences.
    Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 1995), 748-753. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July, 1995.
  • J. K. Tsotsos, S. Dickinson, M. Jenkin, E. Milios, A. Jepson, B. Down, E. Amdur, S. Stevenson, M. Black, D. Metaxas, J. Cooperstock, S. Culhane, F. Nuflo, G. Verghese, W. Wai, D. Wilkes, and Y. Ye. (1995).
    The PLAYBOT Project.
    Working Notes of the IJCAI Workshop on AI Applications for Disabled People. Montreal, Quebec, August, 1995.
  • P. Merlo and S. Stevenson.
    The Role of Structural Complexity in Processing Reduced Relative Constructions.
    Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP-95). Edinburgh, Scotland, December, 1995. Full paper in M. Crocker, M. Pickering and C. Clifton, Eds., Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing; see above.

1994

  • S. Stevenson.
    Competition and Recency in a Hybrid Network Model of Syntactic Disambiguation
    Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 23: 4, 295-322.
  • S. Stevenson.
    A Unified Model of Preference and Recovery Mechanisms in Human Parsing.
    Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 1994), 824-829. Atlanta, Georgia, August, 1994.

1993

  • S. Stevenson.
    A Competition-Based Explanation of Syntactic Attachment Preferences and Garden Path Phenomena.
    Proceedings of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 266-273. Columbus, Ohio, June, 1993.
  • S. Stevenson.
    Establishing Long-Distance Dependencies in a Hybrid Network Model of Human Parsing.
    Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 1993), 982-987. Boulder, Colorado, June, 1993.
  • S. Dickinson, S. Stevenson, E. Amdur, J. Tsotsos, and L. Olsson (1993).
    Integrating Task-Directed Planning with Reactive Object Recognition.
    Proceedings of SPIE Intelligent Robotics and Computer Vision XII, 212-224. Boston, Massachusetts, September, 1993.

1991

  • S. Stevenson and P. Coopmans (1991).
    `How' Extraction from Finite and Infinitival Complements: A Surprising Asymmetry.
    Linguistic Inquiry, 22:2, 359-367.

1990

  • S. Stevenson (1990).
    A Parallel Constraint Satisfaction and Spreading Activation Model for Resolving Syntactic Ambiguity.
    Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 1990), Lawrence Erlbaum, 396-403. Boston, Massachusetts, August, 1990.