Gurnsey, R., Fleet, D.J., and Potechin, C.
Second-order motions contribute to vection.
Vision Research 38: 2801-2816, 1998

First and second-order motions differ in their ability to induce motion aftereffects (MAEs) and the kinetic depth effect (KDE). To test whether second-order stimuli support computations relating to motion-in-depth we examined the vection illusion (illusory self motion induce by image flow) using a vection stimulus (V, expanding concentric rings) that depicted a linear path through a circular tunnel. The set of vection stimuli contained differing amounts of first- and second-order motion energy (ME). Subjects reported the duration of the perceived MAEs and the duration of their motion percept. In Experiment 1 both MAEs and vection durations were longest when first-order (Fourier) components of V were present in the stimulus. In Experiment 2, V was multiplicatively combined with static noise carriers having different chack sizes. The amount of first-order ME associated with V increases with check size. MAEs were found to increase with check size but vection durations were unaffected. In general MAEs depend on the amount of first-order ME present in the signal. Vection, on the other hand, appears to depend on a representation of image flow that combines first and second-order ME.
Return to David Fleet's home page.